Global Witness spent seven month investigating the deal between the South Sudanese government and the Spanish-owned oil company Star Petroleum for two of the country’s last remaining oil blocks.
Three years on, the euphoria surrounding South Sudan's independence has ebbed aways as the country slides deeper into civil war, writes Luke Patey
Based on fieldwork conducted from 2010 to 2012, this report analyses community- oil company relations, labour practices in the sector, and impact of the industry on local land use patterns in South Sudan. When the current conflict in South Sudan is brought to an end, the petroleum sector again forms the backbone with which to build a viable state. That state is then responsible for ensuring the sector is managed for the benefit of the people. This report provides guidance on specific social aspects on how to realise that objective.
The report contains a collection of essays on China's growing role in South Sudan. China’s growing commercial engagement and development assistance to South Sudan will undoubtedly have implications for peace and conflict dynamics. Whether China will play a positive role in South Sudan’s development depends significantly on the level of expertise among Chinese policymakers on conflict dynamics in South Sudan, which at the moment remains limited, with few Chinese scholars afforded the opportunity to conduct independent field research in South Sudan. This report goes some way towards filling this knowledge gap, with joint research having been carried out by Chinese, South Sudanese, and other international researchers in South Sudan. This collection intends to create a better understanding of conflict issues and people-centred security in South Sudan among a wider set of Chinese actors, including those in the commercial sector. It aims to identify policy recommendations for how China can better support long-term peace and stability in the country.
To determine how it was possible for Lundin to conduct its oil exploration activities in such a risky and morally questionable environment, Bloodhound has conducted a detailed investigation of Lundin’s communications to shareholders, investors and the media during 1997-2003. This demonstrates a wide difference between Lundin’s statements on the human rights and security situation in its oil concession compared to that presented by human rights and aid groups, journalists, United Nations special rapporteurs and the Canadian government. The report finds evidence that the information presented by the company on the situation in Block 5A fell far short of that required by shareholders and investors to properly assess the financial and ethical risks associated with making an investment in an active war zone. Bloodhound therefore demands the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority Finansinpsektionen to conduct an open investigation into whether Swedish stock market disclosure rules were contravened by Lundin’s omissions and communications regarding the situation in their Block 5A licence in Sudan during 1997-2003.
ECOS has requested the Board of Lundin Petroleum to table five resolutions for voting at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) scheduled for 10 May 2012.