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Find here this year’s reports. To find reports on a specific theme or from a certain year of publication, please use the search engine or visit the interactive Oil Map.

Click here for an overview of reports by ECOS.

Scrutiny of South Sudan's Oil Industry: Community Relations, Labour Practices and Impact on Land Use Patterns

Based on fieldwork conducted from 2010 to 2012, this report analyses community- oil company relations, labour practices in the sector, and impact of the industry on local land use patterns in South Sudan. When the current conflict in South Sudan is brought to an end, the petroleum sector again forms the backbone with which to build a viable state. That state is then responsible for ensuring the sector is managed for the benefit of the people. This report provides guidance on specific social aspects on how to realise that objective.

Oil, security and community engagement

The report contains a collection of essays on China's growing role in South Sudan. China’s growing commercial engagement and development assistance to South Sudan will undoubtedly have implications for peace and conflict dynamics. Whether China will play a positive role in South Sudan’s development depends significantly on the level of expertise among Chinese policymakers on conflict dynamics in South Sudan, which at the moment remains limited, with few Chinese scholars afforded the opportunity to conduct independent field research in South Sudan. This report goes some way towards filling this knowledge gap, with joint research having been carried out by Chinese, South Sudanese, and other international researchers in South Sudan. This collection intends to create a better understanding of conflict issues and people-centred security in South Sudan among a wider set of Chinese actors, including those in the commercial sector. It aims to identify policy recommendations for how China can better support long-term peace and stability in the country.

China and conflict-affected states

The report explores how China's engagement in conflict-affected states (Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sudan and South Sudan) will impact upon conflict issues and considers the implications for policy makers.

صناعة النفط في السودان

صناعة النفط في السودان
عشية الاستفتاء
حقائق وتحليل

The report 'Sudan's Oil Industry on The Eve of the Referendum: Facts and Analysis' - English Version was first published in December 2010

Oil and Statebuilding in South Sudan

This is one of a series of USIP special reports on state building in the Republic of South Sudan following its creation on July 9, 2011. Each report analyzes a different aspect of the state-building challenge in the new country and recommends priorities for the government of South Sudan within the sector under analysis. This report focuses on South Sudan’s substantial
oil reserves and how they can be used to build and support the new nation. It sets out the key opportunities and challenges for the Repiblic of South Sudan in managing its oil sector and using its oil wealth to bridge the gap between its formal and informal economies. After summarizing background information, the report analyzes critical challenges in the oil sector the new country will face and offers reccomendations for making South Sudan's oil work in the interests of its people, with a focus on the first years of independence.

Sudan's Oil Industry after the Referendum: conference report

Report on the 2-day conference 'Sudan's Oil Industry after the Referendum' held in Juba, December 2010.It contains recommendations with regards to the post-referendum arrangements, petroleum policy, company-community relations, compensation, transparency, security, land rights and the environment.

Crude Calculations: The Continued Lack of Transparency over Oil in Sudan

Persistent calls for clear and transparent information on Sudan’s oil revenues have yet to yield satisfactory information, says a new report published by Global Witness. With a referendum on independence for southern Sudan just days away, oil sector transparency is now more important than ever to preserving the fragile peace between north and south.

Sudan Debt Dynamics: Status Quo,Southern Secession, Debt Division, and Oil—A Financial Framework for the Future

This paper contributes to discussions about the role of Sudan‘s $35 billion in external debt obligations – both for a unified Sudan and a possible Southern secession. It examines Sudan‘s existing debt dynamics and the potential eligibility for traditional debt relief and multilateral debt relief initiatives. It also provides an indicative roadmap for clearing Sudan‘s loan arrears of $30 billion and potentially securing comprehensive debt relief in the future.

Post Referendum Arrangements for Sudan's Oil Industry

Negotiations for Sudan’s future after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement started in earnest on 23 June 2010 with the signing of an MOU by the NCP and SPLM that lays down the modalities for resolving post-referendum issues and arrangements. This document identifies key issues affecting the petroleum industry that will emerge during the post-referendum negotiations. It points out the crucial factors and makes recommendations with a view to unleashing Sudan’s oil industry potential to contribute to peace and equitable development. It is meant to inform the wider public and discussions in the Working Group on Financial and Economic Issues & Natural Resources.

Sudan's oil industry on the eve of the referendum

On 6 July, negotiations for post-referendum arrangements started in Khartoum. Finance play a key role in these negotiations. Sudan’s substantial oil industry is the dominant money-maker for the country’s two governments and to split it up will be an extremely complex and sensitive operation. The significant wealth that oil generates is equally important to both parties and if they agree on a mutually satisfactory formula, oil could be the foundation for a peaceful future. The time is now ripe to seize the opportunity to make the country’s natural resources benefit the people.
This report presents an overview of facts and trends in Sudan’s petroleum industry and highlights key challenges for the coming period.