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UNPAID DEBT The Legacy of Lundin, Petronas and OMV in Sudan, 1997-2003 June 2010


A comprehensive overview of the role of the Lundin Consortium in the oil war. ECOS calls upon the Swedish, Austrian and Malaysian governments to investigate whether, as a matter of international law, Lundin, OMV and Petronas 'were complicit in the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity by others during the period 1997-2003.’ In response, the Swedish Public Prosecutor for International crimes opened a criminal investigation into ‘links between Sweden and the reported crimes’. The investigation is likely to be focusing on senior managers and members of the Board of Directors of Lundin Petroleum.


Unpaid Debt, Arabic translation


Use the filter Lundin investigation to have an overview of all related documents in our database.


Scrutiny of South Sudan's Oil Industry: Community Relations, Labour Practices and Impact on Land Use Patterns 2014-05-06

Based on fieldwork conducted from 2010 to 2012, this report analyses community- oil company relations, labour practices in the sector, and impact of the industry on local land use patterns in South Sudan. When the current conflict in South Sudan is brought to an end, the petroleum sector again forms the backbone with which to build a viable state. That state is then responsible for ensuring the sector is managed for the benefit of the people. This report provides guidance on specific social aspects on how to realise that objective.




Sudan's Oil Industry after the Referendum: conference report 2011-03-31

Report on the 2-day conference 'Sudan's Oil Industry after the Referendum' held in Juba, December 2010.It contains recommendations with regards to the post-referendum arrangements, petroleum policy, company-community relations, compensation, transparency, security, land rights and the environment.


Post Referendum Arrangements for Sudan's Oil Industry 2010-12-01

Negotiations for Sudan’s future after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement started in earnest on 23 June 2010 with the signing of an MOU by the NCP and SPLM that lays down the modalities for resolving post-referendum issues and arrangements. This document identifies key issues affecting the petroleum industry that will emerge during the post-referendum negotiations. It points out the crucial factors and makes recommendations with a view to unleashing Sudan’s oil industry potential to contribute to peace and equitable development. It is meant to inform the wider public and discussions in the Working Group on Financial and Economic Issues & Natural Resources.


Sudan's oil industry on the eve of the referendum 2010-12-01

On 6 July, negotiations for post-referendum arrangements started in Khartoum. Finance play a key role in these negotiations. Sudan’s substantial oil industry is the dominant money-maker for the country’s two governments and to split it up will be an extremely complex and sensitive operation. The significant wealth that oil generates is equally important to both parties and if they agree on a mutually satisfactory formula, oil could be the foundation for a peaceful future. The time is now ripe to seize the opportunity to make the country’s natural resources benefit the people.
This report presents an overview of facts and trends in Sudan’s petroleum industry and highlights key challenges for the coming period.


Satellite Mapping of Land Cover and Use in relation to Oil Exploitation in Concession Block 5A in Southern Sudan 1987–2006 2009-08-30

Satellite image analysis of changes in land use patters during the oil war, showing decreases in agricultural activity of up to 80% by 2003.


Sudan, Who’s Oil? Facts and Analysis April 2008

Concise factual information about Sudan's oil industry.



Oil contract updated Bringing the GNPOC contract in line with the CPA 2008-01-07


ECOS Fact Sheet II: The Economy of Sundan's Oil Industry 2007-10-01

This fact sheet offers basic information about the economy of Sudan’s oil industry, all taken from publicly available sources.


Conference Report: Oil and the Future of Sudan 2006-11-02

Conference report exploring how oil and its revenues can underpin the objectives of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and contribute to peace and equitable development in Sudan.


Oil Development in northern Upper Nile, Sudan 2006-05-31

This report documents the impact of oil exploitation in the Melut Basin in Upper Nile State, Sudan, as told by inhabitants of the area and photographed from satellites.












Oil and Violence in Sudan Drilling, Poverty and Death in Upper Nile State 2006-06-01

Oil development is proceeding rapidly in the Melut Basin in Upper Nile State, with a disturbingly similar story line to Western Upper Nile

ECOS Sanctions Paper 2005-04-01

For the last few months, several international actors have called for measures to put pressure on the Khartoum government. In late March 2005, the United Nations voted to increase and expand the sanctions on Sudan (Algeria, China and Russia abstaining). But what do sanctions entail, and how does it work?


Depopulating Sudan's Oil Regions 2002-03-01

Two fact finding teams take stock of the impact of the oil war on rural communities.


Business in Conflict: The Need for a European Policy 2004-03-01

Report of International Expert Meeting. The issue of business’ role in conflict areas is a distinctive problem that needs particular policy measures on top of -or parallel with - existing CSR standards.


Sudan's road to peace: European dimensions 2003-06-24

Report of the ECOS June 24, 2003 conference about Europe’s role in Sudan’s peace process.





Repairing the Oil Legacy


A phased approach to realize theSocial and Environmental Audit in South Sudan’s oil areas


Resolution to be presented at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of Lundin Petroleum AB 2013-05

Resolution regarding the implementation of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights


Resolutions to be presented at the AGM of Lundin Petroleum 2012-03-21

ECOS has requested the Board of Lundin Petroleum to table five resolutions for voting at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) scheduled for 10 May 2012.


 Lundin Petroleum Supporting Statement AGM Proposals May 10 2012-03-21


The Right to Compensation for Victims of Oil Contracts 2011-05-19

As part of its justice-and-peace agenda, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) established an entitlement to compensation for people whose rights have been violated during the oil wars. As domestic legal process would be unrealistic, ECOS advocates for international arbitration.


Declaration Juba Oil Conference 2010-12-10

On 7-8 December 2010, the conference “Sudan's Oil Industry After the Referendum” was held in Juba. The conference was attended by well over 100 representatives of the GOSS, communities, SSLA, CNPC, Total S.A, the Churches, civil society organizations, the academic community, and others. This is the final declaration of the Conference with specific recommendations to the GOSS for immediate and decisive action.


Questions in Dutch Parliament about Lundin in Sudan 2010-06-11
Two members of the Dutch Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) submitted questions in Parliament on June 11th about the alleged complicity of the Swedish oil company Lundin in human rights abuses in Sudan and the relationship between the Dutch Government and Lundin's activities in The Netherlands.


ECOS open letter to shareholders of Lundin Petroleum 2010-06-09

ECOS' reaction to the letter of Lundin Petroleum to its shareholders, reiterating the report UNPAID DEBT contains critical new evidence to support our position that Lundin, Petronas and OMV have violated norms of international law in Sudan.


National Petroleum Commission’s resolutions made publicly available 2007-07-13


ECOS Benchmarks 2006

ECOS drafted the Benchmarks for the Interim Period. These count for the six-year period that follows the signing of the CPA, the so-called Interim Period. The benchmarks provide a framework with which companies can maximize the benefits of Sudan’s oil wealth, for both themselves and society.


ECOS Business Principles 2006

The ECOS Business Principles are a set of principles and activities for the Sudanese Oil Industry. The principles are based on International Law, voluntary standards for business behavior and Sudan’s peace agreement, the CPA.


Business Principles for Sudan during the Interim Period 2004-05-01


Benchmarks for EU-GOS political dialogue 2004-05-01


DRAFT STATEMENT, Oil companies jeopardize peace process in Sudan 2003-04

Lundin Petroleum AB, together with its partners OMV Exploration Gmbh, Petronas Carigali Overseas Sdn Bhd and Sudapet resumed activities in southern Sudan, 14 month after these were suspended because of military offensives. Earlier, members of the Consortium have repeatedly stated that they would not resume operations in Sudan until there was a comprehensive and sustainable peace.


Petition SCCN Talisman 2002-07-17

The Sudanese Concerned Community in The Netherlands


Letter Troika ECOS Benchmarks EU-GOS 2002

European Coalition on Oil in Sudan Benchmarks for EU-GOS political dialogue.